Representative of manufactured products and responsible for communication, sales and service of customers within a specified region.
American Institute of Steel Construction
Maximum permissible stress as defined by design criteria.
A silver-white non-ferrous metallic element whose features and physical properties include: a good resistance to temperature variations, high reflectivity, resistance to oxidation, ductility, light weight, and recyclable.
Typically refers to anchor bolts, nuts and templates.
See "Fixed Base"
Threaded steel rod embedded into concrete and used to connect the pole to the foundation.
The process of coating a metallic surface electrolytically. This process normally involves the combination of electrical current and chemical bath in which the material's surface or "skin" is altered to form a protective shield for the remaining material
American National Standards Institute
Formal drawing submitted to customer for their review to determine acceptability of product.
Items attached to the structure such as antennas, antenna mounts, transmission lines, conduits, lighting equipment, climbing devices, platforms, signs, anti-climbing devices, etc.
Inert gas element utilized as a shielding component of "gas metal arc welding" (GMAW) or "metal inert gas welding" (MIG). Generally utilized when welding aluminum or like materials.
A single extension of any cross section used to mount a single fixture.
The vertical distance from the center line of the simplex connection to the center line of the arm end.
American Society for Testing and Materials
American Welding Society
Force along the longitudinal axis of a member. When designing a foundation this figure relates to the weight of a structure plus any added devices or equipment. Top ^
Steel bar used to secure the handhole cover.
Steel ring used for full-penetration welded connections.
Enclosure welded to a structure to accommodate the mounting of an electrical component.
Steel plate welded to the bottom of the pole shaft used to connect the structure to the foundation.
BASE REACTIONS (POLE)
Shear force, axial force, and bending moment occurring at the pole base, used for foundation design.
The radial dimension corresponding to the curvature of a bent member, usually measured from the inside surface.
The product of a wind force or weight force multiplied by its distance from a section.
Metal rod or pin used for fastening objects together that usually has a head at one end and a screw thread at the other.
Dimension measured from one anchor bolt to another which intersects the center line of the pattern. This dimension will remain equal for all bolts, regardless of quantity of bolts.
Force along the axis of a bolt.
Length of anchor bolt extending above the foundation surface.
Method of manufacturing a flat steel plate into structural shape. The plate is bent by a brake press usually at equal spacings, forming the desired shape.
Circumferential weld joint used to connect two shaft sections or a shaft to a plate with or without a back-up ring. Top ^
Steel rod formed into shape of a "C" and used for wire support or handling purposes.
(Combined Stress Ratio) Summation of ratios of applied stresses over allowable stresses. Included stresses are bending, shear and axial.
Formal structural analysis to be presented to the customer, proving adequacy of the structure to the design criteria requirements.
Structure fixed at one end and free at the other. A pole is a vertical cantilever and a mast arm is a horizontal cantilever.
A document containing a confirmation that the product and/or design meets or exceeds some specifically stated conditions.
Process of covering a product with one of or a combination of the following: galvanizing, painting and/or metallizing.
Any steel which is rolled into coil form after processing from the mill.
Trade name by United States Steel Company for high strength, low alloy, self-weathering steel. This material has enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance when compared with ordinary carbon steels. The enhanced corrosion resistance may permit the use of t
Internally threaded steel fitting used for wiring access and attachment of controller cabinets, junction boxes or other related devices.
A written specification used to control the design of a structure.
A length of steel tubing or angle that attaches to a pole shaft with provisions for mounting a single row of lighting fixtures. Top ^
Mechanical device used to eliminate or reduce harmonic vibrations. (See also vibration damper and harmonic vibrations).
Total weight of structure and all added appurtenances.
Movement of the pole and/or arm, expressed as a displacement or rotation, resulting from dead loads or other applied loads.
A numerical factor used in wind force calculations. This factor is applied to the projected area of a structural member, lighting fixture, traffic signal, or other component to account for its shape.
Layout of hole size and spacing for a given fixture. Top ^
EFFECTIVE PROJECTED AREA (EPA)
Area of a given fixture and/or structure resisting wind force (projected area x appropriate drag coefficient).
The distance which something is above or below sea level, ground level or other referenced surface. (i.e., highway, foundation, etc.)
Pole fixed into concrete or compacted soil by means of an extended portion. Top ^
A part used to attach or secure two components together. (i.e., bolt, nut, screw, etc.)
See “Theoretical Fall Radius”.
Cast or spun decorative pole top cap.
A protective and usually decorative coating applied to structures and their components. (i.e., galvanizing, prime painting, finish painting, etc.)
Type of pole-to-foundation attachment not designed to breakaway if impacted by a vehicle.
Vector quantity that tends to produce stress and deflection in the structure to which it is applied.
The earth-embedded support element for a pole structure, normally consisting of concrete, steel reinforcing bars and anchor bolts. Top ^
A zinc coating applied by a hot dip process or other approved method.
A natural or synthetic rubber seal used between piece parts to prevent the intrusion of moisture.
A whole number representing an equivalent decimal thickness. (i.e., 11 = 0.1196, 7 = 0.1793, 3 = 0.2391)
A natural or synthetic rubber ring placed in drilled wireway holes to prevent chafing or damage to wires.
Provision on pole for connecting a cable which makes an electrical connection with the earth.
A mortar used for filling space between the bottom of the pole baseplate and the top of the foundation.
Steel plate used to strengthen a welded connection.
A numerical factor, usually 1.3, applied to a constant wind velocity to account for an instantaneous outburst of wind Top ^
Reinforced opening providing internal access to a structure.
A sustained back-and-forth motion of a member moving the same distance in opposite directions.
Process of heating and cooling a material in a controlled manner to develop different mechanical properties.
A numerical factor applied to the design wind pressure to account for the increased wind pressure experienced due to smoother flow of air at higher elevations above ground.
Structure design allowing ease of pole top access using a hinge by which the pole top can be lowered to ground level.
HYDRAULIC JACKING DEVICE
A device used to jack pole sections together at a slip joint. These devices are available for rent or purchase from Valmont. Top ^
A device used on a safety climbing cable to reduce the severity of the jolt encountered when a falling person reaches the end of the safety belt lanyard. Top ^
Steel rod formed into the shape of a "J" used for wire support or handling purposes.
Steel nuts welded to a pole shaft to facilitate the process of slip fitting pole sections together. Top ^
Unit of measure equivalent to 1000 pounds.
Kips per Square Inch Top ^
Nut placed under the base plate for leveling purposes.
Metallic rod attached to a pole structure creating a continuous conducting path to the ground to diminish the destructive effects of lightning.
Finish applied to a material in a liquid form.
A split washer used to prevent loosening by exerting pressure on a nut.
A nut tightened down on another, or a nut so constructed that it locks itself when tightened. Both types are used to prevent loosening. Top ^
MAGNETIC PARTICLE INSPECTION
A non-destructive method of detecting cracks and other discontinuities at or near the surface in ferromagnetic materials (ASTM E709).
The manufacturing process used to produce round tapered tubes by forming steel coil around a mandrel.
The horizontal member of a structure typically used to support luminaries, traffic signals or roadway signs.
An official document issued by the steel mill stating the physical and chemical properties of the material supplied.
A force multiplied by the distance to the point of rotation. (See "Bending Moment")
MOMENT OF INERTIA
Physical property of a structural cross section used in the calculations of stresses and deflections. It is the summation of the products of element areas, multiplied by the square of their distance from a referenced line.
Vertical distance to a particular part of a pole structure. (i.e., luminaire mounting height) Top ^
Externally threaded steel fitting used for wiring access and attachment of controller cabinets, junction boxes or other related devices. Top ^
A ring made from natural or synthetic rubber, used as an air-tight or water-tight seal.
A light mounted on a structure to warn aircraft of its presence.
A pole having an eight-sided cross section.
The position of an appurtenance relative to the circumferential cross section of a pole/arm as measured in degrees from a reference point. (See also "Radial Index")
Bending moment at the pole base used for foundation analysis. (See also "Bending Moment")
The chemical reaction of a material when exposed to oxygen. Top ^
Pounds per Square Inch
A series of processes involved in producing a desired finish.
A hollow steel cylinder manufactured to a specific nominal inside diameter, wall thickness and yield strength.
The portion of the contract document that depicts the project requirements by the use of drawings or illustrations.
The vertical member of a structure.
POLE TOP PLATE
A steel plate mounted to the top of a pole.
An electrostatically applied dry powder coating, oven-baked for a smooth, durable finish.
An illustration showing all of the details and information necessary to manufacture the product.
The surface area subjected to wind pressures.
Length of anchor bolt protruding beyond the top of a foundation. Top ^
An illustration showing the orientation of appurtenances. (See also "Orientation")
Deformed steel reinforcing bar.
Formal drawing provided to customer showing final manufactured product. Top ^
Component of pole climbing device strapped around a person's body and attached to the safety cable.
Component of climbing device fixed at both ends of the pole structure providing attachment for the safety belt.
Physical property of a structural cross section used in the calculation of stresses. The section modulus is the ratio of the moment of inertia to the farthest distance from the neutral axis.
Distance from the roadway edge to the location of the pole.
Force within a member that acts perpendicular to the axis of the member.
A bolted flange connection rigidly attaching an arm to a pole shaft.
An additional layer of steel wrapped around a specific area of a pole shaft serving one of two purposes: 1) enhancing corrosion resistance on embedded type poles at ground level; and 2) adding to, reinforcing, or replacing a pole's structural characteristics.
SLIP-JOINT (pole/arm splice)
A type of connection between two tapered shafts. The top section is designed to fit over the top of the lower section a specified distance, creating a tight friction connection.
As pertaining to deflection: angular deviation from a chosen line (usually the center line of the pole or arm) expressed in degrees or in inches per foot.
Tightening requirement specified for all tower/monopole bolted connections. "A snug tight condition is defined as the tightness that exists when all plies in a joint are in firm contact. This may be attained by a few impacts of an impact wrench or the full effort of a man using an ordinary spud wrench." ("Specification for ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts," Manual of Steel Construction - Allowable Stress Design, AISC, 9th Edition, 1989, p 5-273.).
An organized listing of requirements for materials, products, design or testing. Specifications can be published nationally (i.e., AASHTO, ASTM, etc.); locally (i.e., state, city, county, etc.); or per project.
A constant or non-varying load.
Removable headed bolts fastened to pole shafts used for climbing.
Change in length of an object in one direction per unit of undisturbed length.
The internal force per unit area within a member, usually expressed in pounds per square inch (PSI).
A base welded to the shaft and contributes to the structural integrity of the pole. Top ^
Continuous gradual reduction of a shaft's diameter along its length from base to top. Taper is usually expressed in inches of diameter per foot of length.
The formation of an internal screw thread in a hole by means of a tap.
A guide or pattern used for the proper placement of anchor bolts or drilled holes.
THEORETICAL FALL RADIUS
Theoretical distance in which a structure will collapse by purposely maximizing the design CSR at a specific elevation on the tower or pole. Also known as a “Fall Zone”..
The product of a force multiplied by the distance to the point of rotation causing a twisting action or twisting moment on a particular body. (See also "Torsional Moment")
Action of external forces causing twist in a structure. (See also "Torque")
Responsibility of a single contractor or representative to supply and install materials completed and ready for operation for an entire project. Top ^
Type of bolt that is shaped in the form of a "U" and threaded on both ends.
Finish coating system offered by Valmont that provides a maximum corrosion resistance finish and backed by a ten year warranty.
Slang term referring to the vertical pipe portion of a sports lighting cage. Top ^
A device that is placed on or inside a pole or arm to reduce or prevent harmonic vibration caused by wind Top ^
Live load pressures of wind acting on a structure.
Velocity of wind (MPH) noted either as a basic/isotach speed or as a gust/maximum velocity. Top ^
X Top ^
The stress in a material at which plastic deformation occurs.
The moment in a pole or arm that will cause the member to yield Top ^